Springfield Armory National Historic Site shares a special significance with Harpers Ferry National Historical Park in that both sites, now protected by the National Park Service, originally served as National Armories for the United States.  More significantly, both sites witnessed a turning point in the history of the United States, following Shays’ Rebellion at Springfield in January of 1787, and John Brown’s Raid at Harpers Ferry in October of 1859. Even though Shays’ unsuccessful attempt to take Springfield Arsenal occurred almost three-quarters of a century before the failed seizure of Harpers Ferry Arsenal by Brown and his followers, each played a pivotal role in influencing and shaping the young democracy and its laws.